In today’s world, digital technology plays an increasingly important role in the development of countries economy. Even today, more than 40% of the world population has access to the Internet, and almost every 7 out of 10 households has a mobile phone. Digital technologies have a number of advantages – simplification of the public and business access to public services, the acceleration of the information exchange, the emergence of new business opportunities, the creation of new digital products, etc. The main goal of the government program “Digital Kazakhstan” is the improvement of the competitiveness of Kazakhstan’s economy and quality of life through the progressive development of the digital ecosystem. The implementation of the State Program “Digital Kazakhstan” will be held in four key areas:
- Creating a “Digital Silk Road”. This is the development ofthe reliable, affordable, high-speed, secure digital infrastructure.
- Creating a “creative society”. This is the development of competences and skills for the digital economy, the upgrading of digital literacy, training of ICT specialists for industries.
- Digital transformation in the economy branches. It is the widespread introduction of digital technology to enhance the competitiveness of various branches of the economy.
- Formation of “Proactive digital government”. This is the improvement of electronic and mobile government systems, optimization of the public services supply sphere.
Expected Digital dividends for Kazakhstan are determined and marked in accordance with the strategic objectives of the government. First of all, it comes to such important and urgent issues for the country as improving the efficiency and transparency of public administration, employment, improving the quality of education and health care, improving the investment climate, increasing labor productivity and growth of the share of small and medium-sized businesses in the GDP structure. As a result of the SP “Digital Kazakhstan” the share of the ICT sector in Kazakhstan’s GDP will reach 4.85% by 2020; labor productivity in the ICT sector will grow by 31%; Digital literacy will be 80%; the proportion of Internet users will increase to 78%; the share of electronic public services rendered in relation to the total number of services received in paper and electronic forms will increase up to 80%